Sternberg’s concept of mind-set (1996) realises the cognitive growth potential in his ideals for successful intelligence.

Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence synchronised aspects of intelligence based on three information processing components:

  • metacomponents (higher-order executive processes)
  • performance (lower-order processes) and,
  • knowledge (acquisition components used for problem-solving) (Sternberg & Sternberg, 2012).

Sternberg’s (2005) Triarchic Theory of Intelligence embraces three types of intelligence:

  1. Analytical/ componential intelligence: includes analysing, criticising, reasoning, and judging.
  2. Practical/ contextual intelligence: used while implementing knowledge.
  3. Creative/ experiential intelligence: evident in discovering, inventing and creating.

According to the theory of successful intelligence, children’s multiple abilities are under-used within classroom learning situations, as educational institutions tend to value analytical (as well as memorising) abilities at the expense of creative and practical abilities (Sternberg & Kaufmann, 1998:496).